People have practiced landscaping for centuries. As far back as the ancient Mayans, humans were manipulating the land for both aesthetic and practical reasons. The addition of plants, changes to the existing terrain and the construction of structures are all part of landscaping. Today landscaping refers to the planning, laying out and construction of gardens that enhance the appearance and create useable space for outdoor activities around a home.

Modern landscaping is a process that makes changes to an area of land in one or all of the following three categories:

  • Plants – The addition of ornamental, edible, native or other types of landscaping plants.
  • Terrain – Changing the shape of the land through grading, backfilling, mounding, terracing, etc.
  • Structures – Constructing fences, patio covers, walls, decks, raised planters or other built features.

When it comes to landscaping, the options abound. Some people want a perfectly balanced combination of hardscape (patios) and softscape (plants). Some people want a sustainable landscape design that saves water and creates a natural habitat. While other people want to recreate a certain garden style they find appealing, such as modern or tropical. Still others want a space complete with an outdoor kitchen, fire pit and swimming pool where they can entertain friends and family. Whatever you desire, make sure you communicate this clearly to the pro you are working with.